DOMESTIC LAW AND INTERNATIONAL LAW IN BRAZIL

  • Ana Cristina Paulo Pereira Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro
  • Eraldo Silva Júnior Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro
  • Brenda Maria Ramos Araújo (translator) Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro

Abstract

Abstract: International law, which main sources are agreements and international conventions, is increasingly present in internal affairs in such way that it is difficult to imagine an area of national law which has not been affected in some way by standards imposed by agreements. But how and to what extent international law will be applied internally will depend on the way in which States comply with their international obligations. Therefore, it is essential to know how States bestow domestic legal effect to their agreements. The theoretical question about the relationship between domestic law and international law is usually presented on the basis of dualistic (or pluralistic) and monistic theories, that can not, however, comprehensively cover all aspects of this relationship. The Constitution of the Federative Republic of Brazil recognizes, yet indirectly, international agreements as part of domestic law, but left important aspects related to its application without answers. Thus, the Brazilian judiciary has faced critical issues relating to the impact of agreements in domestic law, particularly regarding its duration, effects and hierarchical position. Despite the Brazilian judicial performance, legal uncertainties regarding the matter persist, which will be exposed in this article.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17768/pbl.a4.n5-6.p197

Author Biographies

Ana Cristina Paulo Pereira, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro
Associated Professor of International Law to the Law School of the Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro. PHD in international law at the Université de Paris I (Pantheon-Sorbonne).
Eraldo Silva Júnior, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro
Federal Public Defender. PHD candidate in internaional law at the Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro.
Brenda Maria Ramos Araújo (translator), Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro
Master's candidate in international law at the Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro. Translator of the present Article
Published
2017-05-29
How to Cite
PEREIRA, Ana Cristina Paulo; SILVA JÚNIOR, Eraldo; ARAÚJO (TRANSLATOR), Brenda Maria Ramos. DOMESTIC LAW AND INTERNATIONAL LAW IN BRAZIL. PANORAMA OF BRAZILIAN LAW, [S.l.], v. 4, n. 5-6, p. 197-222, may 2017. ISSN 2318-1516. Available at: <http://panoramaofbrazilianlaw.com/index.php/BrLaw/article/view/127>. Date accessed: 23 oct. 2017.